Science Dump Archive

Know more about Solar Eclipse, What When And How

An eclipse is an astronomical event that happens when one celestial object moves into the shadow of another. Our earth experiences two types of eclipses namely solar eclipse and lunar eclipse.   When does the Solar Eclipse Occur?   Solar eclipse occurs when the moon is in between the planet and also the Sun. There are three types of solar eclipses namely total, annular and partial. Total solar eclipses occur when the Moon comes between the Sun and Earth and casts the darkest a part of its shadow, the umbra, on Earth. Annular solar eclipses occur when the Moon covers the Sun’s center, leaving the Sun’s visible outer edges to

What is STEM education? How is STEM important for your children’s overall development?

There has been a surge in STEM based workshops for children in the age group of 4 – 14 years, since the past few years. A lot of interest and curiosity has also been generated by these new age STEM workshops, giving rise to questions, such as “Will it be too much for children to handle?”, “Will the children be able to comprehend?”, “What is the need for STEM education in school, when children would learn about it in college?”, “How is STEM education employed?”, “Why is STEM education needed for children?”, “Which is the ideal age to enroll children?”,

Modern Indian Engineers who made India proud!

On 15th September 2018, we will be celebrating the 157th birth anniversary of the greatest Indian Engineer, Sir M Visvesvaraya. A day which is well-known to Indians as the Engineers’ Day. A civil Engineer par excellence, Sir M V was appointed as the Diwan of the princely state of Mysore in 1909, where his significant contribution was towards the construction of Krishna Raj Sagar across River Kaveri. It not only helped to convert the surrounding barren lands into fertile grounds for farming, but even today, is used to supply water to the nearby cities of Bengaluru and Mysore. Engineers of

5 Steps to Enhance Creativity in Children

Creativity! Aren’t children creative? Has anybody witnessed a non-creative child? I am sure not. Children are born creative. Most of the child’s energy goes to fuel his brain. The question is why we need to enhance the creativity of the child? If they are already so creative then why bother about it? Well, that is because creativity is like a muscle. It can be stretched, challenged, or enhanced. It works on “use it or lose it” basis. Life experiences of a child can either enhance or diminish creativity. A child is born with several creative abilities. They need to be

Does Jupiter protect Earth?

Jupiter is the biggest planet in the solar system and because of that its gravitational pull is also very high. Because of its high gravitational force, Jupiter has done many favors to our planet. It helps to keep asteroids away from bombarding to Earth, and protects our planet. One French scientist called Pierre-Simon Laplace found that a comet which was heading towards earth’s surface got into Jupiter’s gravitational field and got expelled from earth’s direction. Like this Jupiter act as a protector of our planet and our lives. Jupiter is the fifth planet, if we consider the distance from Sun.

Why are Salt levels around the World’s Oceans different?

Have you been to a beach? For swimming in the sea? What is the taste of sea water? It is salty. Why is it salty? There are many chemical substances in the seawater and presence of those chemicals is the reason sea water is salty. Most of those chemicals are carried by rivers which get chemicals from rocks and soil. The major compound in sea water is sodium chloride, which is commonly known as salt. Generally, seawater has about 35 grams of salt per liter of water. Salinity of sea water is measured in parts per thousand (ppt) which tells us about

Why does hot water freeze more quickly than cold water?

You might have tried to freeze water in your fridge. But have you ever noticed that hot water freezes faster than cold water? If not, try it yourself. This phenomenon where hot water freezes faster than cold water is called Mpemba effect. The Mpemba effect has been a well known physicist since the time of Aristotle who noticed it more than 2,000 years ago. There were many ideas since then to have been put forward to explain the same. One idea is that warm containers make better thermal contact with a refrigerator and so conducts heat more efficiently, which leads

Do You Know- Reaching Absolute Zero Temperature is as difficult as attaining Speed of Light

What is the lowest temperature that you have experienced? Our body temperature is 37 degree Celsius. Room temperature is lower than that which is 25 degree Celsius. Fridges are generally at four degree Celsius and ice forms at zero degree Celsius. Can temperature go below zero degree Celsius? Yes. Temperatures below zero degree Celsius are generally measured in Kelvin scale, where 273 K is equal to zero degree Celsius. Temperature of liquid nitrogen is approximately 70 Kelvin and liquid helium is approximately 4 kelvin. As we decrease the temperature, there are many curious phenomena that happen which have significant effects

Secret behind the formation of High Speed Winds on Neptune

Neptune is the eighth planet in the solar system if we consider its distance from the Sun. Neptune is also the fourth largest and third heaviest planet in our solar system. It is seventeen times heavier than earth. Atmosphere of Neptune is very thick and most of it is composed of gas. Due to this reason, Neptune is considered as a gas giant. Neptune’s atmosphere mostly consists of hydrogen and helium gas and due to the presence of small amounts of methane, the planet appears blue in color. Galileo illustrated the presence of Neptune near Jupiter in his drawings but