Rahu Archive

Eclipse through the eyes of Aryabhatta

Shloka: चन्द्रो जलमर्कोऽग्निर्मृद्भूश्छायापि या तमस्त छादयति शशी सूर्यं शशिनं महती  च भूच्छाया || Chandro jalam arko’gnirmRid bhUsh chhAyApi yA tamastaddhi | ChhAdayati shashI sUryam shashinam mahatI cha bhUch chAyA || Source: Aryabhatiyam, Golapadah, Chapter4, Shlokha 37 (499 AD) Meaning: Moon is of water, sun is of fire, earth is of soil, and its shadow is of darkness. The moon covers the sun and the great shadow of the earth covers moon. Aryabhatta was the first to explain how the Lunar Eclipse and the Solar Eclipse happened. He says that the Moon and planets simply shine by reflected sunlight. Earlier it was assumed that the