Gyanpro Archive

How easy it is to make fat! Wilhelm Normann

Whenever someone mentions fat, the first thing that strikes in the mind of many of us are the oversized being that some of us are, but as common as it may have become, the usage of the word is equivocally wrong. The Fat that we’re going to talk about here is one of the three main macronutrients, the other two being, protein and carbohydrate. Fats are the sources of essential fatty acids, as they provide us energy. And the fat soluble Vitamins A, D, E, and K are only soluble in our body when taken in conjunction with fats. Industrially

Germany’s Nuclear Man– Walter Bothe

Imagine that you were able to walk through a wall, what would you call yourself? A Ghost? A Magician? Now, it may sound absurd for this to be true, but in quantum physics this is something quite close to being true. But, if we were to dig deeper, these studies have helped ius understand something much more than magic, bringing us closer to our fantasies, but also rationalising it.                                 Born at Oranienberg near Berlin on January 8, 1891 Walter Bothe was not only a renowned nuclear physicist, but also an accomplished musician and a painter. After returning from Russia

Closer to the sky: Montgolfier brothers

Towards the end of 15th century, it was Leonardo da Vinci who first had the inspiration to be airborne, whenever he looked up into the sky and saw the birds fly; he wondered what he could create. His work Codex on the flight of birds put forth his studies on the flight of birds. He also designed many machines like the ornithopter and a machine with helical rotor. Although none of his designs ever became a reality during his life time, but in 1903, it was the Wright brothers who made this vision a reality. However, let’s roll back a

Sydney Brenner: Study of little things that make us whole.

When a child is an embryo in its mother’s womb, developing its features, for example, the separation of fingers and toes occur because of apoptosis (programmed cell death). Between 50 to 70 billion cells die each day due to apoptosis in an average human adult, and about 20 to 30 billion cells in children aged between 8 to 14. And it is Brenner’s study and discoveries about how genes regulate tissue and organ development via a key mechanism called apoptosis, along with John E. Sulston and H. Robert Horvitz that won them the Nobel Prize in 2002. Sydney Brenner born

Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking.

It is only when we think about how big our universe is and the forces out there, do we realise that we are completely at its mercy. The current human technology, with all the advancements that it has made over thousands of year stands is not yet prepared to defend itself. We can consider ourselves, that even with all the disasters and calamities, natural or otherwise, we here survive today, because the Universe has been lenient towards us. But we have got the most powerful weapon in our Arsenal, a weapon which we can use to ensure our survival and

Sebastian de Covarrubias Horozco: The Treasury of Castilian

The world’s oldest dictionary predates back to 2300 BC with bilingual wordlists of Sumerian-Akkadian discovered in Elba (modern Syria). But it was not until 128, The Catholicon by Johannes Balbus, which followed a particular set of rules or a semantic (meaning), having large grammatical work with the alphabetical lexicon. This dictionary was widely adopted and served as a basis for several bilingual dictionaries and was one of the earliest books to be printed in 1406. Many of the dictionaries up until the 17th century were multilingual, but the credit for the world’s first monolingual dictionary goes to Sebastián Covarrubias’ Tesoro de

The Blind Child Prodigy- Louis Braille

“I want to be like my dad” thought young Louis, as he grabbed at an awl and tried to punch holes in the leather like he had seen his father do so many times. As he pressed harder to punch the hole, the awl slipped across the smooth surface of the leather and hit him in the eye. Agony! His parent did everything they could to patch it up but his eye got infected and the infection spread to his other eye blinding him in both eyes. Louis slowly came to terms to his blindness and excelled despite it. He

“Gillette: The best a man can get.”

Probably one of the most popular taglines of modern times. A brand that most men look up to for their grooming needs. But do you know about the man behind the invention of the first safety disposable razor that laid the foundation for this brand. And do you also know that this inventor hoped that he be remembered as one of history’s social and economic reformers. His name was King Camp Gillette. Before we know more about this messiah of men’s grooming, let’s acknowledge one of the most significant problems that troubled society. Shaving was considered as a nuisance and

An acquaintance with the Virtual God- Joseph Weizenbaum

Humans are the most intellectual creation that has walked the face of this earth and it won’t be long before we lose our title to “something” else. A product of our very own creation what we now know as Artificial Intelligence. We are moving towards a time when the machines are going to be more human than humans themselves. The current technology, no matter how well it can mimic human interaction, lacks the base human emotions and it’s not going to be a huge leap from where we stand to overcome this. Most of us know about Siri, the personal

An Invention that Shocked the World – The Story of Joseph Erlanger.

The 10% myth, that a person has access to only 10% of his brain and that he could indeed unlock and access unchartered territories of his mind is nothing but a pipe dream, but given the number of neurons and the amount of information that each of them stores, inclusive of the genetics and other factors is immensely huge. We are capable of storing the entire amount of information on the internet at present in our brain. Sounds Fascinating, doesn’t it? The study of the human brain and the nervous systems is known as neuroscience.  And thanks to Joseph Erlanger