GyanPro Blog Archive

Ever Smiling Yangtze Finless Porpoise

Yangtze finless porpoise is a mammal living in the longest Asian river The Yangtze River. This porpoise was officially declared to the world in the year 1899. It belongs to phocaenoides family and Neophocaena phocaenoides is its biological name. It was abundantly found in the costal Asian waters but today, it is one of the critically endangered species with only about 1000 of them living. Greedy human activities like polluting the Yangtze River by releasing harmful industrial chemical waste in to the water has led to a large deterioration in the population of Yangtze finless porpoise. Anatomy The most unique

The European Originate Pangolin

Pangolins are also known as scally anteaters mainly because of its appearance and diet. The name pangolin was derived from the word ‘penggulung’ which means roller. There are about eight existing species of pangolin, namely the Indian pangolin, Chinese pangolin, Sunda pangolin, Philippine pangolin, tree pangolin, giant pangolin tree pangolin and Temminck’s ground pangolin. They have a wide spread across Asia and Africa. It was in the year 1821 that this species belonging to Manidae family was officially declared to world. And now it has been declared as the most trafficked mammal. Anatomy The physical appearance can vary from one

Numbat Anteating Marsupial

Numbat is an Australian origin marsupial anteater. Myrmecobius fasciatus is the scientific name of Numbat. The name Numbat came in to use by the mispronunciation of its original local name noombat. And in 1836 it was officially declared in records. This specie is closely related to Tasmanian tiger which no more exists. The existence of very few of these has marked Numbat as a critically endangered species. There are 500-600 Numbat individuals left in Australian wild. Anatomy Numbat is very small squirrel sized animal. It is as small as 20-27 cm in length and weighs about 400-700 g. They have

Twisted Horned Markhor

Markhor is a type of wild goat found in Pakistan, Kashmir, southern parts of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. . Makhor means snake in Persian. . And Makhor is the national animal of Pakistan. This animal has a twisted horns which look like snake. This led to naming of this animal as Makhor Untill 2015 it had been marked as endangered and now it has been listed as near threatened species. At this period of time there are only about 2000 to 3000 Makhors remaining. Huge destruction of habitat has led to the endangerment of this animal. Anatomy Markhor weighs about 40-110

The Ancient Kakapo Parrot

The Kakapo also known as Strigops habroptila in biological terms is one of the oldest living bird. Kakapo is a heavy weighted flightless parrot native to New Zealand. Its Latin name means “Owl faced soft features”. It has very less features and also has a wide face like an owl. They are nocturnal unlike any other parrot species. May be that us why it is compared to owl? This is now critically endangered with very few of these currently surviving. Anatomy A Kakapo adult can measure about 55 to 65 cm and can weight from 2 to 5kg on an

The Ancient Madagascarian Fossa

Fossa looks like a cat but it is not. But Fossa belongs to Mongoose family. It is found in Central African regions specifically in the Madagascar islands. And Fossa is popularly known as largest mammalian predator of Madagascar islands and is a nocturnal. Its classification has been quiet controversial as it looks like a cat but some features relate to Mongoose. It is one of the most ancient animals found in Madagascar. And now Fossa count has become incredibly low and has been marked as endangered species. Anatomy Fossa is a medium sized animal. It belongs to Euphleridae family. It

Largest Nocturnal Primate-Aye Aye

Planet earth is so miraculous! It houses innumerable diversities of life. Be it plants, animals or humans. There is always something new coming up in the research. Discoveries are still at par. And the count of unknown creatures are intensifying day by day. Aye-Aye is one of such discoveries. Aye-aye is a strange and largest nocturnal primates found in north eastern parts of Madagascar. It is a Lemur belonging to Daubentoniidae family and was found by French Naturalist in the year 1795. Anatomy Aye-aye is black or dark brown in colour having a long bushy tail. There is a lot

Gharial

Gharial is a crocodile which belongs to Gavialidae family found in north India. It was officially discovered in 1789. Gavialis gangenticus is Gharial’s Latin name. According to survey it is only about 1200 to 1500 species remaining. They are critically endangered species. The bulb shaped nasal growth led to naming this animal as Gharial which means earthen pot in local language. ANATOMY They are similar to other crocodiles but what makes it distinct is its extremely long jaws. It is the adaptation to eating of small fishes. This special feature enables to catch fishes easily with grip not allowing its

Black Rhino

Black Rhino biologically known as Diceros bicomis and also commonly known as hook-lipped Rhinoceros are locale of Eastern and Southern Africa. It was discovered in the year 1758 and was first named as Rhinoceros bicornis which means double-horned rhinoceros. The name Black Rhino is quiet misguiding as it is not black in colour. There are two varieties of this species known as Black Rhino and white Rhino. Though both of these species have black and white in their name, their skin is of grey shades. The structure of the lip is what differentiates between Black Rhino and White Rhino. Black

Hawksbill Turtle

Hawksbill turtle are the most beautiful sea turtles with extraordinary shell texture and beautiful body. The name Hawksbill originated due to its beak like mouth structure. They are found in shallow costal water where they could find sponges, coral reefs and lagoons. It was in the year 1766 that it was officially discovered to the world and then was biologically named as Eretmochelys imbricate. This beautiful sea turtle has been marked as endangered species because of the ruthless human activities like polluting the water and modern fishing activities which have been a major threat for these marine animals. Anatomy Hawksbill