GyanPro Blog Archive

Numbat Anteating Marsupial

Numbat is an Australian origin marsupial anteater. Myrmecobius fasciatus is the scientific name of Numbat. The name Numbat came in to use by the mispronunciation of its original local name noombat. And in 1836 it was officially declared in records. This specie is closely related to Tasmanian tiger which no more exists. The existence of very few of these has marked Numbat as a critically endangered species. There are 500-600 Numbat individuals left in Australian wild. Anatomy Numbat is very small squirrel sized animal. It is as small as 20-27 cm in length and weighs about 400-700 g. They have

Twisted Horned Markhor

Markhor is a type of wild goat found in Pakistan, Kashmir, southern parts of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. . Makhor means snake in Persian. . And Makhor is the national animal of Pakistan. This animal has a twisted horns which look like snake. This led to naming of this animal as Makhor Untill 2015 it had been marked as endangered and now it has been listed as near threatened species. At this period of time there are only about 2000 to 3000 Makhors remaining. Huge destruction of habitat has led to the endangerment of this animal. Anatomy Markhor weighs about 40-110

The Ancient Kakapo Parrot

The Kakapo also known as Strigops habroptila in biological terms is one of the oldest living bird. Kakapo is a heavy weighted flightless parrot native to New Zealand. Its Latin name means “Owl faced soft features”. It has very less features and also has a wide face like an owl. They are nocturnal unlike any other parrot species. May be that us why it is compared to owl? This is now critically endangered with very few of these currently surviving. Anatomy A Kakapo adult can measure about 55 to 65 cm and can weight from 2 to 5kg on an

The Ancient Madagascarian Fossa

Fossa looks like a cat but it is not. But Fossa belongs to Mongoose family. It is found in Central African regions specifically in the Madagascar islands. And Fossa is popularly known as largest mammalian predator of Madagascar islands and is a nocturnal. Its classification has been quiet controversial as it looks like a cat but some features relate to Mongoose. It is one of the most ancient animals found in Madagascar. And now Fossa count has become incredibly low and has been marked as endangered species. Anatomy Fossa is a medium sized animal. It belongs to Euphleridae family. It

Largest Nocturnal Primate-Aye Aye

Planet earth is so miraculous! It houses innumerable diversities of life. Be it plants, animals or humans. There is always something new coming up in the research. Discoveries are still at par. And the count of unknown creatures are intensifying day by day. Aye-Aye is one of such discoveries. Aye-aye is a strange and largest nocturnal primates found in north eastern parts of Madagascar. It is a Lemur belonging to Daubentoniidae family and was found by French Naturalist in the year 1795. Anatomy Aye-aye is black or dark brown in colour having a long bushy tail. There is a lot


Gharial is a crocodile which belongs to Gavialidae family found in north India. It was officially discovered in 1789. Gavialis gangenticus is Gharial’s Latin name. According to survey it is only about 1200 to 1500 species remaining. They are critically endangered species. The bulb shaped nasal growth led to naming this animal as Gharial which means earthen pot in local language. ANATOMY They are similar to other crocodiles but what makes it distinct is its extremely long jaws. It is the adaptation to eating of small fishes. This special feature enables to catch fishes easily with grip not allowing its

Black Rhino

Black Rhino biologically known as Diceros bicomis and also commonly known as hook-lipped Rhinoceros are locale of Eastern and Southern Africa. It was discovered in the year 1758 and was first named as Rhinoceros bicornis which means double-horned rhinoceros. The name Black Rhino is quiet misguiding as it is not black in colour. There are two varieties of this species known as Black Rhino and white Rhino. Though both of these species have black and white in their name, their skin is of grey shades. The structure of the lip is what differentiates between Black Rhino and White Rhino. Black

Hawksbill Turtle

Hawksbill turtle are the most beautiful sea turtles with extraordinary shell texture and beautiful body. The name Hawksbill originated due to its beak like mouth structure. They are found in shallow costal water where they could find sponges, coral reefs and lagoons. It was in the year 1766 that it was officially discovered to the world and then was biologically named as Eretmochelys imbricate. This beautiful sea turtle has been marked as endangered species because of the ruthless human activities like polluting the water and modern fishing activities which have been a major threat for these marine animals. Anatomy Hawksbill

Banded Hare-Wallaby

Banded Hare-wallaby is a marsupial found in the Australian islands. It was discovered in 1897 and belongs to Macropodidae family. Lagostrophus fasciatus is its biological name and it is a nocturnal. At present there are about 20 short faced kangaroos living in Australia and Banded Hare-wallaby is the only survivor of that group. In 1966 it was declared as racoon due to the dark stripes present on its body. And in 1994 IUCN declared Banded Hare-wallaby was declared as endangered. Anatomy It has 200 t0 450 mm body length with a long tail of about 350 to 400 mm. it

Newton’s Rediscovery of Gravity!!

Shloka-Akrsta saktisca mahi taya yat svastham guru svabhimukham svasaktya I   Akrsyate tatpatativa bhati same samantat kva patatviyam khe II   Meaning- The attracting (gravitational) force (is) the earth. That (earth) with that gravitational force of hers attracts towards herself the large objects in the sky. It seems as though she is falling. In space, with matching forces where will she (earth) fall.   Source: Siddhanta- siromanih, Bhuvankosha 6, Bhaskarah II (1150 AD)   Shloka- Tatha prthivyamabhimanini ya devata prasiddha saisa purusasya                Apanavrttimavastabhyakrsya vasikrtyadha evapakarsenanugraham                Kurvati vartata ityarthah II                Anyatha hi sariram gurutvat patet