Aryabhata Archive

Prime Minister of India’s clarion call to embrace science

PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA’S CLARION CALL TO EMBRACE SCIENCE                                                                  (Source: On 28th February 2018, India celebrated National Science Day, a day on which the much revered, Sir C V Raman, discovered the Raman Effect in 1928, for which he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. Wishing the whole nation on this occasion in his monthly address through ‘Mann ki Baat’, Prime Minister Narendra

Manvantara: Ancient Theory Of Formation Of Solar System

Manvantara is a Sanskrit word in which ‘Manu’ means ‘Progenitor of mankind’ and ‘Antara’ means ‘distance’. Literally Manvantara means the total duration of mankind or life span of man. So, it means that each Manvantara is ruled by Manu created by Brahma. It is said that Manu creates the world and other species in the given ‘Antara’ or duration. ‘Kalpa’ is referred to a day of Brahma, takes 14 Manvantaras to create one Kalpa according to the Vedic science. And after every kalpa there is dissolution or ‘pralaya’ wherein all the life comes to state of rest. This period is

Mysteries of Shinning Luna

Shloka: Ayangauh prsnirakramidasadanmataram purah I Pitaranca prayantsvah I Meaning: The moon being, a satellite of the earth, revolves around its mother planet and follows it in its revolution and self-luminous father planet( the Sun) Source- Rig Vedah, Mandalam 10, Suktam 189, Mantrah 1 (6000BCE) Shloka: Chandramā manaso jātaścakṣoḥ sūryo ajāyata | Meaning: The moon (Chandra) is born from his mind and surya (Sun) from his eyes. Source: Rig Vedha Chandra is a Sanskrit term and its popularly call it Moon. It means Illustrious. In vedic astrology the complete moon is considered to be benefic and dark moon is considered

The Heliocentric Theory

Shloka:   Savita  yantraíh  prthivÍm  aramnad  askambhané  savita  dyam  adrmhat ashvam ivadhuksad dhunim antariksam aturte baddham savita           samudram   Meaning: The sun has tied Earth and other planets through attraction and moves them around itself as if, a trainer moves newly trained horses around itself holding their leashes. Source: Rig ved Mandalam 10, Suktam149, Mantram 1   Shloka:     Naivastamanamarkasya nodayah sarvada satah I Udayastamanakhyarn hi darsanadarsanarn raveh II   Meaning: There is, in truth, neither rising nor setting for the sun, for it is always there and these terms (of rising and setting) merely imply his presence and disappearance. Source:  Visnu-purana,

Newton’s Rediscovery of Gravity!!

Shloka-Akrsta saktisca mahi taya yat svastham guru svabhimukham svasaktya I   Akrsyate tatpatativa bhati same samantat kva patatviyam khe II   Meaning- The attracting (gravitational) force (is) the earth. That (earth) with that gravitational force of hers attracts towards herself the large objects in the sky. It seems as though she is falling. In space, with matching forces where will she (earth) fall.   Source: Siddhanta- siromanih, Bhuvankosha 6, Bhaskarah II (1150 AD)   Shloka- Tatha prthivyamabhimanini ya devata prasiddha saisa purusasya                Apanavrttimavastabhyakrsya vasikrtyadha evapakarsenanugraham                Kurvati vartata ityarthah II                Anyatha hi sariram gurutvat patet

Eclipse through the eyes of Aryabhatta

Shloka: चन्द्रो जलमर्कोऽग्निर्मृद्भूश्छायापि या तमस्त छादयति शशी सूर्यं शशिनं महती  च भूच्छाया || Chandro jalam arko’gnirmRid bhUsh chhAyApi yA tamastaddhi | ChhAdayati shashI sUryam shashinam mahatI cha bhUch chAyA || Source: Aryabhatiyam, Golapadah, Chapter4, Shlokha 37 (499 AD) Meaning: Moon is of water, sun is of fire, earth is of soil, and its shadow is of darkness. The moon covers the sun and the great shadow of the earth covers moon. Aryabhatta was the first to explain how the Lunar Eclipse and the Solar Eclipse happened. He says that the Moon and planets simply shine by reflected sunlight. Earlier it was assumed that the