1927 Archive

Sydney Brenner: Study of little things that make us whole.

When a child is an embryo in its mother’s womb, developing its features, for example, the separation of fingers and toes occur because of apoptosis (programmed cell death). Between 50 to 70 billion cells die each day due to apoptosis in an average human adult, and about 20 to 30 billion cells in children aged between 8 to 14. And it is Brenner’s study and discoveries about how genes regulate tissue and organ development via a key mechanism called apoptosis, along with John E. Sulston and H. Robert Horvitz that won them the Nobel Prize in 2002. Sydney Brenner born