Genetically engineered food is also known as genetically modified food (GMF). There is lot of debate going on regarding GMO. According to arguments some say it is boon while some say it is not. Genetic engineering has been advancing in biotechnological world. GMF deals with modifying or inserting other genes into DNA of plants and animals. Hybrid plantations are result of genetic engineering. The main intension of genetically modifying food is to increase the crop yield and to come up with more hybrid varieties. Though this technique helps in the improved production there is always a risk factor involved. Some people look at these products as a dangerous proposition. As of now some products are being produced to improve their resistance against infections while some are used for increasing their shelf life. Let us what are the pros and cons of genetically modified food products.
Pros of Genetically modified food
- Enhanced disease resistance
Lesser the disease attacked to crops more the yield is increased. Some plants do not have the immunity to infections and pests. So the only way to stay away from pests and diseases was by using pesticides and chemicals. But by using chemicals had adverse effect on consumers. So to avoid this and to improve their resistance genetic modification is necessary. In this case the gene from highly immune plants like wild plants are injected into the genes of plants which lack them. So by doing so the immunity of these plants will be enhanced.
- Better taste
Modifying the DNA to enhance the taste. But some people have allegations regarding the taste while few others claim they have better taste. For example the spice of the pepper can be enhanced or made sweeter according to the requirement.
- Nutritional benefits
The nutritional quotient of the crops can be increased by modifying it in the gene level. The nutrition lacking in any plant can be enhanced by genetically modifying it.
- Cost effective
By using genetically modified products we can cut down the cost of pesticides and chemicals used for disease resistance. Though these products have high initial cost, it is better than the damage cost of spoiled crops. So investing in these products definitely improve the profits.
Cons of genetically modified food products
- May cause new disease
There might be chances of new diseases rising up due to induction of genes into DNA. There is always chances of rejection at any stage. So there might be unpredictable health disorders on the consumer’s health. So if there are any contents not included in the human diet content there will always be imbalance.
- Ecological impairment
It can spread diseases from one plant to other neighbouring plants. This modification can increase the growth of unnecessary weed. The weed growth becomes uncontrollable. So it can potentially cause damage to diversity.
- Increased toxins and allergens
There is always risk of increased toxins and allergens in the genetically modified food products. So this definitely has adverse effect on the humans consuming these products. This poses greater danger to people who have food allergy.
- Nutritional imbalance
Genetically modifying food does not always mean improving the nutritional content of the crops. In some cases the nutritional value is not given priority. So this might pose danger to the consumer’s health.