Endangered Species Archive

The Amazon River Dolphin That Cannot Swim

Dolphins are one of the adorable and cute water animals. It gives immense happiness to see dolphins play naughty in the water. Ah! That’s an amazing moment to play with dolphins. But irony is that such cute animals are reducing day by day. Amazon River dolphin is one of the critically endangered dolphin species. Amazon River Dolphins are found in Amazon and Orinoco river basin. According to records it was found in 1817. Inia geoffrensis is its binomial name and is often called as Boto Dolphin. Anatomy On an average their length varies from 6.5ft to 8.5ft and weighs about

Dugong the Sea Cow

Dugong was discovered in 1776 and was commonly known as sea cow and biologically known as Dugong dugon. It is a marine mammal and only living species of Dugongidae family. They are found in the tropical and subtropical waters. And commonly found in Australian and Indonesian waters whereas the large population of Dugong is spread around Northern Australia. Manatee and Dugong look similar but it is the tail which differentiates the both physically. Though they are closely related and look similar in appearance, the Dugong has a fork-shaped tail and Manatee has a flat tail. Now this species has been

What is the largest amphibian species in the world? Chinese giant salamander

The Chinese giant salamander is the world’s largest amphibian species. It was discovered in the year 1871 and was categorised as species belonging to Cryptobranchidae family and was scientifically named as Andrias davidianus. And it has been in the top second position among the 4000 endangered amphibian species. The Chinese giant salamander was found in rivers of China. They are usually sighted on the rocks and water surface of their habitat. Human greedy activities is the main reason for the endangerment of this species. Anatomy An adult Chinese giant salamander is 115 cm long and weighs up to 50 kg.

Ever Smiling Yangtze Finless Porpoise

Yangtze finless porpoise is a mammal living in the longest Asian river The Yangtze River. This porpoise was officially declared to the world in the year 1899. It belongs to phocaenoides family and Neophocaena phocaenoides is its biological name. It was abundantly found in the costal Asian waters but today, it is one of the critically endangered species with only about 1000 of them living. Greedy human activities like polluting the Yangtze River by releasing harmful industrial chemical waste in to the water has led to a large deterioration in the population of Yangtze finless porpoise. Anatomy The most unique

The European Originate Pangolin

Pangolins are also known as scally anteaters mainly because of its appearance and diet. The name pangolin was derived from the word ‘penggulung’ which means roller. There are about eight existing species of pangolin, namely the Indian pangolin, Chinese pangolin, Sunda pangolin, Philippine pangolin, tree pangolin, giant pangolin tree pangolin and Temminck’s ground pangolin. They have a wide spread across Asia and Africa. It was in the year 1821 that this species belonging to Manidae family was officially declared to world. And now it has been declared as the most trafficked mammal. Anatomy The physical appearance can vary from one

Numbat Anteating Marsupial

Numbat is an Australian origin marsupial anteater. Myrmecobius fasciatus is the scientific name of Numbat. The name Numbat came in to use by the mispronunciation of its original local name noombat. And in 1836 it was officially declared in records. This specie is closely related to Tasmanian tiger which no more exists. The existence of very few of these has marked Numbat as a critically endangered species. There are 500-600 Numbat individuals left in Australian wild. Anatomy Numbat is very small squirrel sized animal. It is as small as 20-27 cm in length and weighs about 400-700 g. They have

Twisted Horned Markhor

Markhor is a type of wild goat found in Pakistan, Kashmir, southern parts of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. . Makhor means snake in Persian. . And Makhor is the national animal of Pakistan. This animal has a twisted horns which look like snake. This led to naming of this animal as Makhor Untill 2015 it had been marked as endangered and now it has been listed as near threatened species. At this period of time there are only about 2000 to 3000 Makhors remaining. Huge destruction of habitat has led to the endangerment of this animal. Anatomy Markhor weighs about 40-110

The Ancient Kakapo Parrot

The Kakapo also known as Strigops habroptila in biological terms is one of the oldest living bird. Kakapo is a heavy weighted flightless parrot native to New Zealand. Its Latin name means “Owl faced soft features”. It has very less features and also has a wide face like an owl. They are nocturnal unlike any other parrot species. May be that us why it is compared to owl? This is now critically endangered with very few of these currently surviving. Anatomy A Kakapo adult can measure about 55 to 65 cm and can weight from 2 to 5kg on an

The Most Elegant Gooty Spider

The Gooty Spider or biologically known as Poecilotheria metallica a species of tarantula. These species are commonly known as Jewel tree Gooty spider. It looks very elegant and colourful. The Gooty Spiders are known for its capability to populate and multiple in a faster rate compared to any other spiders. Inspite of the ability to repopulate fast, yet these species are marked as critically endangered by IUCN. They are likely to face huge risk of extinction. The Gooty spiders were first discovered in the year 1899 in central southern parts of India specifically in Gooty town. Anatomy The Adult Gooty

The Ancient Madagascarian Fossa

Fossa looks like a cat but it is not. But Fossa belongs to Mongoose family. It is found in Central African regions specifically in the Madagascar islands. And Fossa is popularly known as largest mammalian predator of Madagascar islands and is a nocturnal. Its classification has been quiet controversial as it looks like a cat but some features relate to Mongoose. It is one of the most ancient animals found in Madagascar. And now Fossa count has become incredibly low and has been marked as endangered species. Anatomy Fossa is a medium sized animal. It belongs to Euphleridae family. It