Ancient Indian Technology Archive

What Ancient Indian’s Knew About Optics, Lens and Rainbow Formation

Shloka: Aprapyagrahanam Kayabhrapatalasphatikantaritopalabdheh || Meaning: That which cannot be perceived (with naked eye) can be perceived with (lens made of) glass, mica or crystal. Shloka: Suryasya vividhavarnah pavanena vighaitah Karah sabhre | Viyati dhanuh samsthanah ye drsyante Tadindradhanuh || Meaning: The multi coloured rays of the sun being dispersed by wind in a cloudy sky are seen in the form of a bow which is rainbow. Source: Nyaya-darsanam, Adhyayah 3, Sutram 46, Kanadah (800 BCE), Brhat-samhita, Slokah 35, Varahamihirah (6th century AD) Ancient Theory According to ancient Indian theories the optics came into light in the early 5th – 6th

Preparation Of Metal Powder

Shloka: Retitam ghrtasamyuktam ksiptvayah kharpare pacet| Lauhe drsadi lauhanca mudgarena hatam muhuh| Meaning: Throw flowing iron mixed with water in a broken pot and melt it. Iron is beaten repeatedly in an iron mortar with pestle. Shloka: Atha svarnam pesanartham patrikrtya yathamrdu|| Tatpatram sakalikrtya suksmatsuksmataram punah| Kincitsikatasammisram suddhatoyavimisritam| Pesayet pesanisvabhre suslaksnadrsasa sudhih| Meaning: A wise person, for grinding, after making the gold into soft leaves, after making the leaves into finer than finer fragments, mixing it with sand and clean water, grinds the ground gold, in a grinder with a very soft pestle. Shloka: Jate supiste tatpiste kacapatre jalaih saha|

The History Of Explosives

SHLOKA: Angarasyaiva gandhasya suvarcilavanasya ca | Silaya haritalasya tatha sisamalasya ca || Hingulasya tatha kantarajasah karpurasya ca | Jatornilyasca saralaniryasya tathaiva ca || Samanyaunadhikairamsairagnicurnanyanekasah | Meaning: Explosives are prepared in different ways by mixing in varying proportions of fire, charcoal, sulphur, red arsenic, potassium nitrate, lead oxide. Yellow arsenic, steel powder, vermilion, lac, camphor, turpentine and gum. Source: Sukra-nitih, Chapter 4, Section 7, Shlokah 194-196 Sukracaryah (8th Century AD) Etymology: Agni + curnam = fire + powder = Explosive Harita –> Haritalam = Yellow pigment = Arsenic Suvarci + lavanam = Hydrated + salt = Potassium nitrate. Ancient Theory According

13 Inventions That Showed Indians Were Extraordinarily Clever

India holds great pride of giving great scientists and their inventions have played vital role in shaping our modern world. Just not in one or two fields but India has provided impeccable contribution in all the fields like Astronomy, Medical, Mathematics, Science, Economic, Political sciences, Cartography, Architecture and many more. India boasts the history of having many famous inventions and discoveries that changed the world. Here are some of the world changing inventions and discoveries that are universally accepted but the origin of inventions still remain unaware to many. Prefabricated home and movable structures It was in 16th century during

Knowledge Of Electricity In Ancient India

Shloka: Samsthapyamrnmayampatramtamrapatram Susamskrtam | Chadayetsikhigrivenacardrabhihkasthapamsubhih || Meaning: After placing earthen vessel as well as the copper vessel securely, close (the vessels) with copper sulphate and sawdust, Shloka: Dastalostonidhatatvahparadacchaditastatah | Utpadayatitanmitramsamyogastamradastayoh || Meaning: Lumps of gems generate electricity by the union of copper and zinc. Shloka: Samyogajjayatetejoyanmitramitikathyate | Evamsatanamkumbhanamsamyogah Karyakrtsmrtah | Meaning: By the union, energy is born which is referred to as the sun. Such a union of hundreds of cells is remembered as the doer (of generating electricity). Shloka: Susammrsta ca subhagaghrtayonihpayodhara | Mrtkumbhisarvadagrahya… Meaning: Earthen pot, which is well cleaned, pretty, fit for storing ghee and capable of holding

Age of Bramha

Shloka: Kasthah pancadasakhyata nimesa munisattama | Kasthastrimsat kala tastu trimsanmauhurtiko vidhih || Tavatsankhyairahoratram muhutairmanusam smrtam | Ahorstrani tavanti masah paksadvayatmakah || Taih sadbhirayanam varsam dvayesyane daksinottare | Divyairvarsasahasraistu krtatretadisamjnitam || Caturyugam dvadasabjistadvibhagam nibodha me | Divyabdanam sahasrani yugesvahu puravidah || Krtam treat dvaparam ca kaliscaiva caturyugam | Procyate tat sahasranca brahmano divas am mune || 15 twinkles of eye = 1 kashta 30 Kashta = 1 Kala 30 Kalas = 1 muhurtha 30 muhurthas = 1 day and night 30 day and nights = 1 month 6 months = 1 ayana 2 ayanas = 1 year 12,000 divine years =

The Miraculous Hanging Pillar of Lepakshi Temple

Ancient monuments speak a lot about the knowledge possessed by people of those days. They were able to think, question, reason out and analyse their surroundings without any help. Those were the days when Google too dint exist for their help. It was a period of innovation, creativity and scientific intellect. They created wonders either accidentally or intentionally. One of such creations are the miraculous hanging pillar of lepakshi. Leepakshi temple situated in Andhra Pradesh India was constructed in the year 1583 by two brothers Veeranna and Virupanna. There is Ramayana story associated with the temple that says that Jatayu the

7 Futuristic Materials You Never Knew Existed

We are living in a generation of technological advancements. From smart phones, robotics to intelligent machines. It is marked as booming era. All these advancements have made us feel like we have arrived to future few years earlier than it should have been. Here are some examples of  futuristic materials that will give a new turn to present day technology. 1. Aerogel Aerogel was produced like decades ago but improvements on their properties were made in the recent times. Aerogel material contains 98.2 % air and contain extract of gel keeping intact its solid part. It is not made of

Panchabhutas- 5 elements of life with reference to Vedic Text and Illuminati

Shloka:       Tasmadva etasmadatmana akash sambhutah |                         Akasadvayuh | Vayoragnih | Agnerapah |                         Adbhyah prithvi | Prithivya osadhayah |                         Osadhibhyosnam |Annat purusah || Meaning: From that atman (Supreme soul) space came into being from space wind, from wind fire, from fire water, from water earth, from earth plants, from plants food, from food man came into being. Source: Yajur-vedah, Taittiriyopanisad,vBrahmananda – valli, Anuvakah 1 (Vedic period) Nature is made up of 5 major elements known as Panchabutas. These five elements are supposed to be the parent elements and all the other elements are inherited from these

Why Do We Perform Agnihotra?

Shloka: Agnihotra eva tat sayam pratarvarvajram Yajamano bharatrvyaya praharti | Bhavatyatmana parasya bhratrvyo bhavati | Meaning: The one who practices Agnihotra in the morning and evening becomes strong like thunderbolt/ diamond. Destroys enemies by himself (unassassinated). His enemies remain conquered. Shloka: Yavadahoratre bhavatah | Tavadasya lokasya nartih naristih | Nanto na paryantosti | Meaning: As long as he does Agnihotra in the day and in the night, in this world for him there would no pain or misfortune. There will be no end to him. An Agnihotra practitioner will have a long life. Source: Taittirya-brahmanam, Astakam 2, Anuvakah 5, 11