Ancient Indian Technology Archive

Manvantara: Ancient Theory Of Formation Of Solar System

Manvantara is a Sanskrit word in which ‘Manu’ means ‘Progenitor of mankind’ and ‘Antara’ means ‘distance’. Literally Manvantara means the total duration of mankind or life span of man. So, it means that each Manvantara is ruled by Manu created by Brahma. It is said that Manu creates the world and other species in the given ‘Antara’ or duration. ‘Kalpa’ is referred to a day of Brahma, takes 14 Manvantaras to create one Kalpa according to the Vedic science. And after every kalpa there is dissolution or ‘pralaya’ wherein all the life comes to state of rest. This period is

The Ancient secret of rust-proof Mehrauli Pillar

Shloka: Gomahisajavisanaih khuraromna Mahisacarmagavyaisca | Nimbakapittharasaih saha vajiratalo nama Kalko nyah || Meaning: With the horn, hoof and mane of cow, buffaloes and goat with the hide of buffaloes and cow along with the juice of neem and wood apple another paste called Vajra tala (is produced). Shloka: Prasadaharmyavalabhilingapratimasu Kudyakupesa | Santapto datavyo varsasahasrayutasthayi Meaning: The ten thousand year enduring heated (paste) should be given in (the construction of) palaces, mansions, roofs, lingas, idols, walls and wells. Shloka: Astau sisakabhagah kamsasya dvau tu ritikabhagah | Mayakanthito yogosyam vijneyo Vajrasanghatah || Meaning: Taking 8 parts of lead, 2 parts of bell

What Aryabhatta described about Elliptical path of Planetary Motion.

Shloka: Trinabhicakramajaramanrvam yatreama visvabhuvanani tasthuh I Meaning: The elliptical path through which all the celestial bodies move is Eternal and unslacken. Source: Rg-veda Samhita, Mandalam 1, Suktam 164, Mantra 2(6000 BCE) The above shloka talks about the final rites of Agnihotri (a person performing fire sacrifice as a daily ritual) Aryabhatta also proposed the theory of elliptical path of Planets. Shloka: Yada Te Haryataa Hari Vaavridhate Divedive Vishwa Bhuvani Aditte Yemir Meaning: All planets remain stable because as they come closer to sun due to attraction, their speed of coming closer increases proportionately. Source: Rig Veda Samhita, Mandalam 8, Suktam

Crucible – Melting Metals In Vedic Age

Shloka:   Purvokta bijalohanametasyameve varnitam I Uttamadhamamadhyapabhramsanam galanavidhau I Musassaptottaracatussatabheda itiritah II Meaning: In the melting methodology course, the good,  the average, pig metals and 407 varieties of Crucibles are mentioned. Shloka: Tasam dvadasavargah syurjatinirnayah kramat I Meaning: In the order of origin there are 12 groups in them Shloka: Lohesu ye bijalohastesam galanakarmani II Dvitiyavargoktamusa eva srestha itiritah I Meaning: In the melting of base metals, it is said that the secondary group of crucibles are the best. Shloka: Etesaham galane musaha pratyekam vargatassmrtah I Tesu dvitiyavargasthamysabheda maharsibhih II Catvarimsaditi prokta musakalpa yathakramam I Tasu ya pancamityukta musantrmukhanamika II

Evolution of Air Bellows / Blowers since Ancient Indian times

Shloka:            Sarvesamlohavarganamgalanarthamviseasatah I Dvatrimasaduttarapancasatambhastraitiritah II   Meaning: For melting all types of metals, there are five hundred and thirty two types of air blowers   Shloka:            Tasamvargabhedastuastadhasamprakirtitah I Vargesvastamavargiyobhastrikasuyathakramam II Nirmitakurmakundasyasodasikurmabhastarika I Sarvesambhastrikanamturacanakramanirnayah II   Meaning: They are divided into eight classes. Sixteenth in the eighth class is called Kurmabhastrika (Tortoise air blower) which is associated with Kurmavyasatika (Tortoise furnace. Shloka:            Bhastrikanibanfhanakhyagranthesamyannirupitah I   Meaning:Construction details of all air blowers are provided in the book Bhastrikanibandhana.   Source:Brhadvimana Shastra, Shloka 91, 92, 93 Bhastrikadhikaranam, MaharsihBharadvajah Bellows are the devices used for blowing a strong blast of air since 4th Century

Ancient Indian background of Magnets and its properties

Shloka:            Bhramakamcumbakamcaivakarsakam Dravakamtatha | Evamcaturvidhamkantamromakantam ca Pancamam | Ekadvitricatuhpancasarvatomukhameva tat | Pitamkrsnamtatharaktamtrivarnamsyat Prthakprthak |   Meaning: Magnets are of 5 varities – Bhramakam, Chumbakam, Karshakam, Dravakam and Romakantam. They again are single faced, double faced, three faced, four faced, five faced and multi faced. Each is again in three colours – yellow, black and red. Source: Rasarnavam, Patalah 6, Adhyayah 40, Slokah 21 (12th century AD) Ancient theory It was in the eighteenth century that magnets and its principle was better understood by the world. Our Ancient Indians used magnets extensively in many fields. They divided magnets into five categories namely

The Secret behind CERN installing Shiva’s Tandava Statue

Lord Shiva has been symbolized as an embodiment of energy. His powerful dance is an example for the immense energy and power he possessed. Shiva’s dance was so powerful and robust that he was called as ‘Nataraja’, which means the King of Dance. If you think this is a simple dance, think again, because there is a lot of physics behind Shiva’s cosmic dance. CERN, which is a European Organisation for Nuclear Research, has recently unveiled a huge Nataraja statue- a symbolic representation of Lord Shiva performing his powerful cosmic dance. Well, you might be wondering how a Hindu God

Ancient India’s Immense Contribution For Modern Day Distillation Procedures

Shloka:  Sodasangulavistirnamhastamatrayatamsamam | DhatusattvanipatarthamKosthiyantramitismrtam || Meaning: The Koshti equipment (furnace) is 16 inches in breadth and is of equal height and length of 1 palm (6 inches). It enhances the strength of ores. Shloka:  Bhandakanthadadhaschidrevenunalamviniksipet | KamsyapatradvayamKrtvasamputamjalagarbhita, || Meaning: In the opening under the neck of the vessel fit the bamboo tube. Taking two (hemispherical) brass vessel, fill them with water and close them and place the mouth of the tube appropriately and firmly there. Shloka:  Nalikasyamtatrayogyamdrdhamtaccapikarayet | Yuktadravyairviniksiptahpurvam  Tatraghaterasah || Agninatapitonalattoyetasminpatatyadhah | Yavadusnambhavetsarvabhajanamtavadeva hi | Jayaterasasandhanam  dhekiyantramitritam || Meaning:  Mercury mixed with proper ingredients is previously poured in the vessel. The

Amazing Facts About Great Ancient Indian Universities

India boasts a history of great scholars and wonderful education system ever since the ancient period. The great universities that were built in that time has been a proof for the excellent education system that existed. Many of you may be just aware of either Takshashila or Nalanada universities as the great universities that existed in India during the ancient time. But India had many more such great universities that served the education purpose in those days. Here is the list of great universities that existed during the ancient time. Nalanda University Nalanda University was built in Gupta Dynasty by

Organisation, Arrangements And SOP’S Of Ancient Research Labs in India

Shloka: Rasasalam prakurvita sarvabadhavivarjitam | Sarvausadhimayedese ramye kupasamanvite || Meaning: Build a laboratory in a beautiful place that abounds in medicinal plants, devoid of any disturbance and has a well. Shloka: Yaksa-tryaksa –sahasraksa-digvibhage susobhane | Nanopakaranopetam prakarena susobhitam || Meaning: Build a laboratory bound by corridors, furnished with a variety of equipment facing north, northeast, or the eastern direction. Shloka: Salayah purvadigbhage sthapayedrasabhairavam | Vahnikarmani cagneye yamye Pasanakarmani ca || Nairrtye sastrakarmani varune ksalanadikam | Sosanam vayukone ca vedhakarmottare tatha || Meaning: Establish mercury in the eastern side of the laboratory, melting in the southeast and stone instruments in the