In the early and mid 20th century an invention that was the epitome of security during the second world war, a machine known as the Enigma used by Nazi Germany. It was Alan Turing whose invention of the bomb machine made it possible to decipher the enigma codes and reduce the period of the war, but the enigma, although it had a little flaw it did take the greatest minds of Britain a long time to decipher it. And in this modern world data security has become the most important aspect of the cyber world, to protect what we know or own from falling into the wrong hands.
The NatWest Bank has a code which has been made public for the people to share their details with the bank and the bank uses a secret key that is known only to the bank it to decipher the code. This is based on the encryption technique known as RSA named after three scientists namely Rivest, Shamir and Adleman. Bruce Schneier has been writing about security issues in his blog since 2004. He also writes a monthly Newsletter which is freely available to the public known as the Crypto-Gram. He is currently the Chief Technology Officer of Resilient System, a fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center and a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).
Born on January 15, 1963, he is an American cryptographer, computer security and privacy specialist, and a writer. His father Martin Schneier was a Brooklyn Supreme Court Judge. He grew up in Flatbush and went to the Hunter High School. He received a bachelor’s degree in Physics from the University of Rochester in 1984, and then went to the American University in Washington D.C. where he received his Master’s degree in Computer Science in 1988. He was awarded an honorary Ph.D. from the University of Westminster in London, England in November 2011.
Schneier was also a founder and chief technology officer of BT Managed Security Solutions, formerly Counterpane Internet Security, Inc. Schneier’s books Applied Cryptography details the design, implementations and use of cryptographic algorithms, and then in his book Cryptographic Engineering, he focused more on how to use cryptography in real time systems rather than its internal design. Many of his other works are as follows, Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World; in 2003,Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly About Security in an Uncertain World; in 2012, Liars and Outliers: Enabling the Trust that Society Needs to Thrive; and in 2015, Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World.
Schneier has also said that the money from homeland security should be spent on intelligence, investigation and emergency response. According to him, although analysis of intelligence is difficult, it is one of the better ways in tackling the global threats of terrorism. He defeated Kip Hawley, the former head of the Transportation Security Administration in an Economist online debate 87/13 regarding the issue, that the security changes after the 9/11 attack has done more harm than good.
Schneier believes that security issues should be made available to the public. This can help us in many ways and we can be aware of the potential threats that hover around us without us even knowing about it.
Schneier and Karen Cooper were nominated for the Hugo Award in 2000 for the category of best related book, for their Minicon 34 Restaurant Guide.