We are living in a generation of technological advancements. From smart phones, robotics to intelligent machines. It is marked as booming era. All these advancements have made us feel like we have arrived to future few years earlier than it should have been. Here are some examples of futuristic materials that will give a new turn to present day technology.
Aerogel was produced like decades ago but improvements on their properties were made in the recent times. Aerogel material contains 98.2 % air and contain extract of gel keeping intact its solid part. It is not made of just one material but is a composition of group of materials combined together with a specific geometric structure. They are transparent and porous material with solid, rigid and dry structure which are almost weightless. Aerogel material is proven to be an excellent insulator that can nullify heat from its surface only.
Graphene is the very happening futuristic material. It is a new allotropic form of carbon which is composed of just one atom. The single atom structure appears very fragile but in reality it is 100 times stronger than steel. Graphene material is very transparent and is excellent conductor of electricity and heat. Use of graphene in making cheaper solar cells, disease diagnosing sensors and one day it can also be used in making the elevator ropes.
3. Metal Foam
Formation of metal foam takes place when foaming agent Titanium hydride is added to molten Aluminium. This mixture is allowed to cool and the resulting substance is the metal foam. This metal foam is proven to be a light and very strong substance. Since it is very light it can easily float on water. In future metal foam can be used to build floating cities and also can be used for building space colonies.
4. Transparent Aluminium
Transparent Aluminium is also known as ALON made up of aluminium oxynitride which is aluminium based ceramic. It is a very clear transparent metal which has about three times the strength of steel. This form of aluminium very hard and is like 80 % transparent. It possess tough resistance towards any damage causing radiations. In future transparent aluminium can be used in constructing sky scrapers, space stations etc.
5. E textiles
Probably in another 8 to 10 years everyone would be using E textiles. With use of this E textile you will never have a fear of losing or forgetting any of your gadgets as you will be wearing it. Just imagine how easy our life becomes with the use of electronic textiles. You can see your favourite movies with the textile acting as a display, talk over phone by just making hand gestures. It becomes more like a human computer interface.
6. Light-transmitting concrete
Light transmitting concrete material is made up of glass optical fibres. Walls built using this material are permeable and allow sunlight to pass through it, not completely transparent though. This material can be used to make transparent floors and walls which accounts for excellent architectural designs.
7. Super hydrophobic materials
Super hydrophobic materials are similar to that of lotus leaves. Water droplets are seen floating on the lotus leaf due to its wax coating. Similarly super hydrophobic materials are designed such that the surface controls the wettability. This is achieved by providing larger contact angle and lesser sliding angle. These materials are made up of micro and Nano fibres.
Just imagine how the world would advance and transform in future with the existence of all these materials.